Unit 20: Science And Technology Solution
(Taking my son to college, where technology has replaced Serendipty)

Ways with words

A. Match the words with their correct definitions.

a. Freshman: a first-year student at a university, college, or high school

b. Naive: having a lack of experience or knowledge

c. Obliviously: without conscious awareness

d. Brag: says something in a boastful manner

e. Disposal: action of throwing away something

f. Dorm: dormitory, student residence hall or building

g. Suitemate: someone who shares your bathroom/living room/kitchen

h. Incalculable: not able to be calculated or estimated

B. Replace the bold words in (a-h) selecting synonyms from the box.

a. Her story is incredible in the literal sense of the word.

b. We often read the novels of the potential writers in the world.

c. The Facebook users are fragmented but connected to each other through the Internet.

d. Sometimes unanticipated events happen in our life.

e. He paused, scrutinizing the faces of Anjana and Manju with his glittering eyes.

f. I am sorry to say your handwriting is indecipherable.

g. He is matured. He can navigated his own journey to make his career better.

h. Gita’s heart swelled with delight, translating her confidence into power.

C. Complete the sentences by choosing the correct word given in brackets.

a. Does television affect children? (affect/effect)

b. Does television have an effect on children? (affect/effect)

c. Could you lend me your book, please? (borrow/lend)

d. Can I borrow your pen? (borrow/lend)

e. Prices seem to rise every year. (raise/rise)

f. You can raise your hand if you want to ask a question. (raise/rise)

g. What did he say to you? (say/tell)

h. I can’t speak Hindi. (speak/talk)

i. I will talk to you on the phone. (speak/talk)

j. I think that’s a very sensible idea. (sensible/sensitive)

k. My teeth are very sensitive to cold. (sensible/sensitive)

l. Our principal is a popular person. (principal/principle)

m. I couldn’t understand the principle of gravity. (principal/principle)

n. All friends, expect Nabina, came to the party. (accept/except)

o. Will you accept my request? (accept/except)

p. They were making too much noise. (noise/sound)

q. All she could hear was the sound of the waves. (noise/sound)

r. Did you give him any advice for his career? (advice/advise)

s. My parents advise me to be a teacher. (advice/advise)


Answer these questions.

a.Why did the author feel that she was lucky to be so naïve of her freshman year at college? 

Ans: The author felt that she was lucky to be so naive of her freshman year at college because she was the only student from her town to go to Yale and she didn’t know what she didn’t know.

b. Why did she say that she went to college in the Stone Age?

Ana: She said that she went to college in the Stone Age because her son was using modern facilities but her age was the time of typewriter and carbon paper, landline telephone, TV’s with few channels and without remote and cassette tapes. In fact she compared her school/college days with her son’s. 

c.What kinds of technological tools can Hayden use at his college life unlike at his mother’s time? .

Ans: In college Hayden can use technological tools like washers and dryers, can find daily menus of each dining hall, contact students can use interactive campus map and find potential lectures in YouTube. 

d. How has the internet and social sites affected the lifestyle of the youths? 

Ans: Internet and social sites have affected the lifestyle of youths, they can share views, texts, photos etc.in Facebook, twitter and Instagram. They can exchange their performance videos. They don’t need to wander to collect/find reading materials but they can easily find them in internet.

e. What things about college life will Hayden really miss unlike his mother? 

Ans: Unlike his mother Hayden might miss to expand his thinking in unexpected ways.

f. The writer says, “I worry that students today are more connected and more fragmented”. Isn’t this paradoxical? How? 

Ans: Yes, this sentence is paradoxical because one cannot be connected and fragmented at the same time. But it is a true statement in the sense that they are connected via internet and social networking sites but at the same time they lack socialization and are fragmented with each other. Technology has connected them but in reality they are away from each other.

Critical Thinking

a.Do you think that advancements of technology can hinder the exposure student receive in school, and block them from gaining some of life’s most memorable moments? Give reasons in support of your answer. 

Ans: Yes, it can hinder the exposure students receive in school and block them from gaining some of life’s most memorable moments. Now days students are over dependent on technology. It hinders in real interaction with teachers and students. In the past students used to interact with each other for the problem during their study but now they use, search engine instead of interaction. It causes lack of socialization. If they totally depend on technology only, what happens to their creativity.

School life is memorable for every students. They play, study together, visit places, share ideas and experience which provide them real interaction and help in their socialization. But if they remain busy with their gadgets, they really miss those moments. It also makes them lazy and passive because instead of practice to solve any problem they try to find easy way to get solution with the use of technology.

b.Kline’s essay focuses on the contrast between her son’s freshman college experience and her own, but she also establishes what they have in common. Explain. 

Ans: Although she focuses on the contrast between her and her son’s experience, she also established that they have in common. Both of them studied in the same college. They lived in the campus dorm with their roommates.

c. Has internet aided to broadening or narrowing the critical thinking capacity of youths or readers? How? 

Ans: This is the age of science and technology, many inventions have been done to make our life easier and comfortable. Now days internet has become boon and used in almost every sector. Youths are largest users of internet. Internet has provided students with access to more information than ever before. Internet takes us to the vast treasure of knowledge. It is needless to say that the acquisition of knowledge through internet is easier and effective.

However, many people argue that technology deprives people of real human interaction. Furthermore over dependence on internet technology can make students less creative and passive. If youths remain busy with internet and forget interaction, it obstructs their socialization.

Anyway, no one can deny the use of technology that is used in almost every sector. The students should use it positively to support their creativity. But they should not be over dependent on it.


B. Interpret the information given in the following chart.

Ans: Above given bar chart displays the frequency of eating at fast food restaurants among people in the USA between 2003 to 2013. It shows that the percentage of people who go to restaurants every day and who never go to restaurants is less in comparison to other visitors.

According to given data in 2003 about 4% people visited restaurants every day, whereas 17′ went to restaurants several times a week. In the same way 31% people went to fast food restaurants once a week. This is the highest percentage in 2003. Similarly, 30% people went to restaurants once or twice a month and 13% visited the restaurants only a few times in a year. Finally, in 2003, 5% people never went to restaurants. Then in year 2006, the percentage of people who went to restaurants every day decreased and came to 3%. In this year 20% people visited restaurants several times a week whereas in this year the highest percentage of people i.e. 33% went to eat there once a week. About 25% people went to restaurants once or twice a month and 15% people went to eat in the restaurants a few times a year. In comparison to 2003, the percentage of people who never went to restaurants decreased and came to 4%.

Finally, in the year 2013 about 3% people went to restaurants every day and 16% visited there several times a week. This year 28% people went to restaurants once a week, whereas the highest percentage i.e. 33% went there once or twice a month. Similar to 2006, about 15% went to restaurants only a few times a year and 4′ people never went to eat in fast food restaurants in 2013. In this way, the data reveals that highest percentage of people visited restaurant once a week or once or twice a month in all three years.


A. Fill in the gaps with suitable articles where necessary.

a. Is he working as a university professor?

b. My younger sister watches the television a lot.

A: What did you get for your birthday?
B: I got a lot of good presents.

d. I’m going to the Dominican Republic for my winter vacation.

e. I have to go to a bank today to deposit some money.

f. Durga was injured in the accident and was taken to the nearest hospital.

g. Every parent should visit   school to meet the teachers.

h. Who is the woman in this photograph?

i. There is a piano in the corner of the room.

A: Do you think he is lying?
B: No, he’s the kind of a guy that always tells the truth.