Unit 3: Media And Society Solution

Ways with words

A. Find the words from the text that have the following meanings.

a. a personal or corporate website – blog
b. a job requiring expertise in a particular field – profession
c. a feeling of sadness – disappointment
d. put under custody – detained
e. found guilty – convicted
f. breaking or disregarding rules or system – violating
g. advantages and disadvantages – pros and cons
h. a non-statutory monetary penalty – amercement

B. Use the following prepositional verbs in sentences.

  1. apologize to: I apologize to you for the mistake that I made yesterday.
  2. admire for:Did they admire you for your accomplishment?
  3. aim at: They aim at reducing unemployment by next year.
  4. agree on: We all agreed on his idea to reduce poverty.
  5. grow up:He was an ordinary person but later grew up to be a famous politician.
  6. Separate from: Pakistan was separated from India in 1947.
  7. acquaint with: We should acquaint him with the realities of the situation.
  8. believe in: Do you believe in ghosts in your country?
  9. adapt to: They could not adapt to the new situation and returned.
  10. apply for:If you are jobless, why don’t you apply for this job?
  1. arrive at: Call me, when you arrive at the airport.
  2. Comment on: I don’t think I should comment on their decision.
  3. escape from: The prisoner escaped from the prison and fled to India.
  4. Worry about: Do not worry about it, we will handle the situation.
  5. agree with: Do you agree with her? Or, do you have a different view?
  6. involve in: You’d better not to involve in it, it is very dangerous.
  7. devote to: You should be devoted to your career for your better future.
  8. Pray for: Everyone should pray for the earthquake victims.
  9. glance at: She glanced at the newspaper headlines and went away.
  10. Concentrate on: The students should concentrate on their studies.
  11. recover from: I hope you will recover from your illness soon.
  12. argue about: It’s my final decision, I do not want to argue about it.
  13. charge with: She was charged with neglecting her duty.
  14. succeed in: He succeeded in getting admission in Oxford University.
  15. refer to: This paragraph refers to the events of last year.
  16. Scold for: They scolded her for arriving late in the programme.
  17. Look at: Why are you looking at me?
  18. rely on: He is trustworthy, you can rely on him.
  19. resign from: Mr. Rai resigned from his present post to find better job.
  20. boast about: She always boasts about her husband’s earning.
  21. Trust with: Everyone trusts her with her work.
  22. specialize in: He wants to specialize in English so that he can get visa to study abroad.
  23. reply to: Do not forget to reply to me after you receive my letter.
  24. Vote for: There were 506 votes for and 322 votes against the motion.
  25. bring up: She was brought up by her grandparents offer her parants’ death.
  26. Count on: We cannot count on this warm weather condition.
  27. Suffer from: People have to suffer from many problems due to climate change.
  28. dream about: Yesterday, I had a dream about my grandparens.
  29. Confuse with: They confused me with different description of the event.
  30. Absorb in: He always absorbs himself in his business.


A. Fill in the gaps with appropriate words/phrases from the text.

a. People are using social media for individual as well as business purposes.
b. Social media is not only a platform of sharing views, but also a platform of finding a job/employees.
c. The hospital wanted Prita to pay Rp. 100 million for immaterial losses.
d. Some singers organized charity concert to help Prita.
e. The campaign to help Prita was able to collect Rs. 825 million.

B.Answer the following questions.
a. How do you define social media?
Ans: Social media can be defined as the media that enables people to communicate, share their views and attitudes, pictures etc. throughout the world.
b.Social media has been an integral part of modern life. How?
Ans: Social media has becom the integral part of modern life because people use it for reading news, watching music videos, sharing pictures or videos, finding a job, and so on.

C. Why do people use Facebook and YouTube?
Ans: People use facebook and you tube for, news, information, watching any video, for sharing any content and expressing one’s views on a particular issue and so on.
d.What is a blog? How can it be beneficial to us?
Ans: A blog is a website that allows users to reflect, share opinions, and discuss various topics in the form of an online journal and it also allows the readers to comment on their posts. It is beneficial to us because we can share our opinions or discuss various topics through it.
e.Was Prita’s intention bad when she sent a message to her friends?
Ans: No, her intention ws not wrong. She just wanted to aware her friends about the selection of a hospital and its service.
f.How did Prita’s message become a big problem?
Ans: Prita’s message became a big problem when one of her friends shared it to a website. Many people read and commented about it. She was connvicted of violating ICT law, made to pay for losses and was detained.
g. Why was she convicted by the court ?
Ans: She was convicted by the court because the message, that she sent was the cause of the loss of hospital and she had violated the law of using the ICT.
h. What was the purpose of the campaign, “Bantu Bebaskan Prita”?
Ans: The purpose of ‘Bantu Bebaskan Prita’ was to collect coins to help Prita to pay the amercement.

i.How are people stronger than social media ?
Ans: People are stronger than social media because we have common sense and we can easily think before we act and think before we speak.

Critical thinking

a. Does social media have positive impact in the society? Discuss.
Ans: Nothing is good or bad in itself. It depends on its use. If social media is used poperly, it can have positive impact in the society. But, in the context of Nepal it does not seem to have positive impact in the society. People are addicted to it and it is not so good. Many crimes have been committed using social media. School and college students are addicted to it which has hampered their studies. The
excessive use of anything is not good. If social media is excessively used, definitely it causes negative impact in the society.

b.How do you compare virtual communication and face-to-face communication?
Ans: Undoubtedly, face to face communication is the best form of communication. Face to face communication is not affected by anything whereas virtual communication can be affected by any external source. Virtual communication is not as safe as face to face communication. People, sometimes can hide their real identify in virtual form but there is direct communication between two individuals in face to face form. On the other hand virtual communication can itself be recorded and produced in the future but face to face communication in its natural form is only for the particular moment. When people cannot meet each other virtual communication helps us to get connected with one another.


a. There are different schools of thought regarding the social media. Some people see the benefits while others see problems in them. What are your observations? Explain the advantages and disadvantages of the social media giving your position in it.
Ans: Everything has its pros and cons. The proper use of social media is beneficial, we can get benefits from them but misuse of it can ruin our life. We can get news, information, education, share messages to each other, find employer as well as employes through the media. But in the context of Nepal, it seems that people are misusing it. Social evils, domestic violence, cyber crimes, blackmailing and many other social crimes have been increasing due to social media. Sometimes people post and share the content that violates the social norms and tolerance.
In conclusion, social media can be boon to us. We should try to take advantages from it. The users should be aware of its negative impacts. If it is used properly, it can be a tool to reform our society.

b.What is cyber bullying? What are its effects? How can it be stopped?
Ans: Cyber bullying is a crime. It is an activity of using modern means of communication, social media to threaten, blackmail or for any other crime. Nowadays cyber bullying has been increasing day by day. It affects the society very badly. Cyber bullying causes fear, anxiety, depression etc. and the victim has to suffer a lot. Sometimes the effect of it can be very serious, the victim may commit sucide because they do not feel safe or do not find any solution. If the victim is a student he/she may drop-out, or may lose interest to continue his/her study. It can bring serious social disorder. Cyber bullying must be stopped to maintain peace in the society. Proper implementation of existing law is very important to solve it. People should be aware of these kinds of crime and go to police, if anyone tries to bully them. Those who are involved in it should be strictly punished so that others do not dare to do it. Security force should be alert and active to stop it.


B. Complete the following sentences using the correct prepositions of direction: to, toward, onto, or into.

a. Prem drove Milan to the airport.
b. The plane landed onto the runway.
c. The kids climbed onto the monkey bars.
d. Manish and Richa moved the table into the dining room.
e. Ganesh almost fell into the river.
f. Lalit and Sarita took the bus that was heading toward the university.

C. Complete the sentences with the correct preposition from the brackets.

a. While we were hiking through the forest, we saw a mountain lion. (across/through/along/under)

b. The leopards walked in a circle round the baby giraffe before they attacked.(into/towards/round/through)

c. Go out of the building and turn left. (into/up/off/out of)

d. She ran away from home when she was eighteen. (towards/away from/down/across)

e. Raindrops ran down the windscreen making it difficult to see the road.(into/up/down/over)

f. Hemanta put the plate onto the table and began to eat his dinner. (onto/into/up/off)

g. The frightened deer disappeared into the forest. (up/onto/into/toward)

h. We were driving towards the City Centre when we had an accident. (up/into/towards/along)

i. The smoke from the fire went up into the sky. (into/up/to/onto)