Unit 5:Life And Love Solution
(The Looking Glass)

Ways with words

A. Match the words with their meanings.
a. exhausted – tired
b. apparent – clear
c. vista – vision
d. undulating – wavy
e. destined – predetermined
f. stuffy – suffocating, airless
g. restrain – prevent, hinder

B. Write the meaning and word class of the following words. Then use them in sentences of you own.

implore, despair, beseech, eloquent, whirl, egoism, agony, delirious, delusive, compensat mortgage, brood, prelude

a. implore: (verb) to ask somebody to do something in an anxious way because you want or need it very much.

-She implord me to go to market to buy some fruits for her.

b. despair: (noun) the feeling of having lost all hope
-He gave up his attempts to go to Australia in despair.

c.beseech (verb) to ask somebody for something in an anxious way because you want or need it very much
-Do not disturb us, I beseech you.

d.eloquent: (adjective) able to express a feeling
-I do not know whether I would be eloquent.

e.Whirl: (verb) feel confused and excited and cannot think properly
-Leave me alone, many things whirled in my mind.

f.egoism: (noun) the fact of thinking that you are better or more important than anyone else
-Your egoism will not take you anywhere, be careful.

g.agony: (noun) extreme suffering, either physical or mental pain
-He laid down on the bed in agony.

h.delirious: (adjective) in an excited state and not able to think or speak clearly, usually because
of fever
-He is delirious and needs immediate treatment.

i.delusive (adjective): the belief that is not true
-Her delusive nature causes trouble to herself.

j.compensate (verb): to provide something good to balance or reduce the bad effects of damage, loss etc.
-Nothing can compensate the torture, she was given in the custody.

k. mortagage: (noun) money that you borrow to buy a home, land etc
-ABC bank has given mortgage facility to its customers.

l.brood (noun): a large family of children
-I was brought up in a brood, so I can understand your problem.

m. prelude (noun) an action or event that happens before another more important one.
-This incident seemed prelude to our function.

D. Choose the correct word.

a. Sarita was shocking/shocked to hear about earthquake.

b. I think that rainy days in winter are depressing/depressed.

c. The football match was very exciting/excited. I enjoyed it.

d. The meals at Delight Café are satisfying/satisfied.

e. I’ve got nothing to do. I’m boring/bored.

f. Tanka is very good at telling funny stories. He can be very amusing/amused.

g. The teacher’s explanation was confusing/confused. Most of the students didn’t understand it.

h. He is such a boring/bored person. He never wants to go out.

i. I will be surprising/surprised if she does well in her test.

j. Are you interesting/interested in politics?

E. Write the correct form of the adjective in the blanks as in the example.

a. They frustrate me but they don’t bore me. I never get bored when I study grammar.

b. If teachers want to interest the students, they must use interesting materials.

c. Certain stories interest almost everybody. For example, most students are interested in fairy tales.

d. Certain things frighten me, but I never get frightened when I speak English.

e. If I get a good grade, that excites me. And if I get more than ninety percent, I am really excited.


Answer the following questions
a.Who was Nellie? What did she use to dream of ?
Ans: Nillie was a young girl, she was the daughter of a landowner. She used to dream of being married.

b. What was she doing with the looking glass?
Ans: She was gazing into the looking glass with exhausted and half closed eyes.

c.Why did she go to the doctor on one winter night?
Ans: One winter night she went to a doctor to call him for her husband’s treatment.

d.What was Stepan Lukitch doing when she reached his bedroom?
Ans: When she reached his bed room Stepan Lukitch was lying on his bed.

e.Why was the doctor not ready to go to see her husband?
Ans: The doctor was not ready to go to see her husband because he had been seeing typhuss patients for three days and he, himself was feeling unwell.

f.Why did Stepan Lukitch suggest Nellie to go to the Zemstvo doctor?
Ans: Doctor Stepan Lukitch suggested Nellie to go to Zemstvo doctor because her husband needed immediate treatment but he was too tired and feeling unwell to go to see him.

g.Nellie said, “Come, perform that heroic deed! Have pity on us!” What was that pity to be done?
Ans: Nillie requested him to perform heroic deed and have pity on them. The pity to be done was he had to go to her house to see her sick husband.

h.When Nellie said, “I must have fallen asleep.” What does it mean?
Ans: When Nillie said that she must have fallen asleep, it means that she had been dreaming.

i. What is the main theme of the story ?
Ans: The main theme of this story is love, devotion and struggle that a person shows to his/her dear ones.

Critical thinking

a.The looking glass (mirror)” is used as a symbol in the story. What does it symbolise?
Ans. In this story The looking glass’ has been used as a symbol. It symbolises dream. As, a kind of pricture is visualized in our deam, similar kind of image is visualized or reflected by a mirror. In both of them i.e. mirror and dream we see something.

b.Chekhov employs the magic trick in the story, using a very elegant transition from reality to imagination to reality sequence. Discuss its relevance to life of young people

Ans: A young boy or a girl has a desire to marry a person of his/her dream. In this story, the central character of the story, Nillie, always dreams of being married. Nillie represents all the young people. It is not certain that our dream is always fulfilled. Although everyone expects good life for him/her. the reality may be different. Sometimes a person is compelled to accpt the harsh realities of life. Nillie’s love, devotion and struggle can be similar to young people’s life at present. Therefore, it is relevant to link the story to the life of young people.


Write a couple of paragraphs about an interesting dream that you have had.

Ans: We visualize an event or series of events in a dream. It can be real or imaginary. Some experts claim that whatever is there in our sub-conscious mind comes in the form of dream. But it may not be true all the time because sometimes we visualize totally irrelevent event. Once I had an interesting dream. In my dream I parked my bike in a place and went to market. It took me for an hour to return to the place where I had Parked my bike.
But for my surprise, when I returned, I didn’t see my bike there. The place where I had parked it looked different. I was sure about the place and kept on searching it but the things around the place had changed. I searched for my bike the whole day but could not find it. Finally, I decided to go to police. When I was thinking so. I woke up from my dream. I was so panic. But soon I realised that it was just a dream. Then I felt relief and thanked god it was not a reality.


B. Match the expressions with their functions.

a. deciding
b. Expressing a prior plan
c.Predicting a future action
d.Predicting with evidence

C. Choose the correct answer.
A: Are you busy this evening?
B: Yes, I am going to the movies. (will go/am going to)

A: Where are you going for holiday this summer?
B: Not sure yet. Maybe I will go to Ilam. (will go/am going to)

c. I think you will like this movie. (will /are going to)

d. I can’t join you at the party, I am going to be away for two weeks. (will /am going to)

e. This exercise looks really hard. I will help you. (will/am going to)

A: Hello. Can I speak to Sima, please?
B: Just a minute. I will get her. (will/am going to)

g. Perhaps she will pass the exam. (will/is going to)

h. ‘I haven’t got my phone.’ ‘That’s OK. I will lend you mine.’ (will/am going to)

D. Complete the sentences using will or be going to with the verbs.
Hari: Did you call Bina?
Prem: Oh, I forgot. I will call her now. (call)

Sunita: Have you got a ticket for the play?
Hema: Yes, I am going to watch it on Saturday. (watch)

c. ‘The alarm is ringing. It’s making an awful noise.’ ‘OK, I will switch it off.’ (switch)

d. Do you think they will like the the presents we got for them? (like)

e. ‘Lok is starting university tomorrow.’ ‘What is he going to study?’ (he/study)

f. If I meet him, I will tell him the news. (tell)

g. The phone is ringing. I will answer it. (answer)

h. If you don’t stop bullying her, I will tell the teacher. (tell)