Unit 11 : Hobies Excercise Solution
(On Walking)

Working with words

A. Find the words from the text which have the following meanings.

a. a wave-like motion

b. to make or do something again exactly in the same way

c. decayed, deteriorated, or fallen into partial ruin especially through neglect or misuse

d. a bright, smooth surface

e. the feeling of having no energy and enthusiasm

f. a state of noise, commotion and confusion

g. being alone, often by choice

h. to regard with respect, often tinged with awe

i. said in a way that is not direct, so that the real meaning is not immediately clear

B.Find the meaning of the following words from a dictionary.

a.sophisticated: having a refined knowledge of the ways of the world cultivated

especially through wide experience

b.conscious: aware of and responding to one’s surroundings; awake.

c.blistering: extremely intense or severe

d.proximity: nearness in space, time, or relationship.

e. invisible: unable to be seen


Answer the following questions.

a.What is the author’s favourite hobby? Why does she like it so much? 

Ans.: The author’s favourite hobby is walking. She likes walking because she enjoys every tiny detail of walking like movement, rhythm, the undulation of the senses and the body.

b.What sorts of roads did the writer prefer to walk on when she was very young? 

Ans.: She liked walking on roads that were unpaved and uneven when she was very young.

c.How did walking give the author and her classmates a sense of freedom?

Ans.: Walking gave the author and her classmates a sense of freedom because she and her friends were themselves masters of their time and found their own way to home taking shortcuts without dependence on the school bus.

d.In what ways were the roads in Kathmandu different from the ones in Sydney? 

Ans. The roads of Sydney were different from the roads of Kathmandu in the sense that the roads of Sydney were quieter and organized when compared to the roads of Kathmandu. 

e.How did walking help the author in the new country? 

Ans.: Walking helped her to release and adapt to all kinds of pressure. Walking for her was both an escape and a search for a pace and a rhythm that she felt most natural to her.

f.What were the treasures of Petersham, where the writer lived with her family? 

Ans.: A tiny park with few visitors and a huge rock are the treasures of Petersham, where the writer lived with her family.

g.What things became her permanent friends with whom she could share her feelings? 

Ans: Those things which remained permanent friends with whom she could share her feelings in her seemingly irreversible and frequently disturbing journey are the earth, the sky, water and the trees.

h.Why did she feel that she had travelled to a desert, to emptiness’ as she went to the United States? 

Ans.: She felt that she had travelled to ‘a desert, to emptiness’ as she moved to the United States because there was no footing to be had. She meant to say that she was all alone there andhad no close ones to spend time with.

i.Why did the author eventually feel that the strange city was known to her? 

Ans.: The author eventually felt that the strange city was known to her after she came to realize that the place was ancient like other places where she had dwell. Also initiating her passion (walking) connected her with different landscapes of the place.

j.How did walking make her feel at home with different places she visited? 

Ans.: Walking kept her close to her roots and gave her a sense of grounding, because no matter which part of the world she was happened to be in when she walked, she was her intrinsic self. That’s why walking made her feel like she was at home wherever she had gone.

Critical thinking

a.Do you believe that walking helps us to understand ourselves? Give reasons in of your opinion. 

Ans.: Walking is a good and healthy form of exercise and is very simple as well as easy to perform. It does not require any special equipment and high effort. Walking is also considered to be the hobby of many people. It helps to release stress and helps to maintain physical and mental balance. A short morning walk can boost all your day with energy. Introducing walking to your routine helps to build a kind of relationship with nature and own self. Thus, one can think about himself/herself deeply and understand himself/herself better. This is because you are free of tension and pressures while walking because your sole focus is only within yourself. So, I think walking helps us to understand ourselves to some extent.

b.Think of one of your hobbies. How does this hobby relate to your psyche and self? 

Ans.: A hobby is considered to be a regular activity that is done for enjoyment, typically during one’s leisure time. Hobbies reflect the innermost desires of people, help them fulfil their unmet needs and make them feel special. We all know that it is sometimes difficult to find time just for ourselves and indulge in the activities we enjoy. However, having a hobby isn’t just about passing the days or enjoying quality time but is crucial for our well-being and mental health. Research has shown that people with hobbies rarely suffer from stress, depression; and low mood and so it is vital for the mental health that we find activities that will get us out and make us feel happier and more relaxed.

I like to do several things and among them, trekking is my best hobby. I usually go trekking with some of my friends in the mountain regions, far from noise and pollution. Most of us are living a hectic and anxious life and we are so busy with our work and responsibilities that we forget to know ourselves, what our interests are upon and how we want to live a me to life. To be free from all the workload and hectic life, I go trekking. Trekking helps connect with nature and teaches me to feel the air, water, sweat, etc. In fact, I find my inner peace when I am doing treks. It helps me to connect with my spiritual peace and freedom. Along with physical health, trekking also helps to improve our mental health.

c.Many people turn their hobbies into careers. Is it good to turn one’s hobby into a career? 

Ans.: A hobby is considered to be a regular activity that is done for enjoyment, typically during one’s leisure time. A large number of people turn their hobbies into their careers while others are afraid of failure or just don’t give it a try. Choosing between the hobby that we love and the work or profession that we do in order to be secure is always in dilemma. There are two views regarding hobbies:

i.You should turn hobbies into a profession, and

ii.You should make a distance between hobbies and work.

Here, I would like to discuss both of the aspects.

Hobbies help us to boost our career by enabling us to be multi-skilled, they can also help us better manage stress and to think creatively at work. It also helps to develop leadership traits and make us sociable. People can overcome their fears by crossing their limited boundaries and feeling positive. People can live their dream life and be happy in the world. Among several hobbies, people with physical hobbies remain fit and fine. In spite of suffering from day-to-day work, one can take some time for them and know oneself better when one works for his or her hobby.

In this fast-growing world, there is no room for mistakes and choosing a hobby as a career without the proper knowledge could be miserable. Sometimes hobbies are meant for fun and refreshing yourself and that is the best way to balance your day-to-day life and not going blindly after something that you like. So, to bear responsibilities and duties as well as to be successful, one should not confuse hobbies with a career. Hence, it is better for a person to make the distance between hobby and work.


Highlighting the advantages of walking, Henry David Thoreau says, “An early-morning walk is a blessing for the whole day.” Write an essay on the advantages of morning walk. 


Advantages of Morning Walk

An old proverb says, “Early to bed and early to rise, makes a man healthy, prosperous, and wise”, Nature is at its most beautiful form in the morning. The rising sun, as well as the morning dew, gives great pleasure to anybody who beholds it. So, it is really a nice idea to take a walk early in the morning for your body and health. A morning walk has many benefits.

A regular morning walk keeps one fit. An individual can see nature without any pollutants effective ways to maintain good health. during his/her morning walk. 

A morning walk is one of the cheapest, quickest and most so every morning, we should get up early and go for a morning walk. It makes a person really active physically and mentally. It refreshes our minds and keeps us fit. It is the simplest and most beneficial workout for us. A morning exercise, according to science, lowers blood pressure, reduces fatigue, strengthens the body and reinvigorates the energy required for a person for the whole day.

Walking in the morning also improves our mood and temperament throughout the day and makes us energetic. So, if you want to be healthy, always go for a morning walk. I too always get up at 5.00 a.m., drink two glasses of water, and put on my jogging dress. Then I go out on crops wave – all during my morning walk. my walk. I see the golden rays of the rising sun in the calm, fresh air, birds chirp and green

One who attends morning walk everyday can see the dewdrops on the grass that look like pearls. A morning walk has many advantages. It keeps us refreshed all day long. It is the most efficient, cost-effective and beneficial workout. It boosts our immunity and also makes our immune system strong.

Likewise, a morning walk sharpens our appetite, and this prolongs life. It is, in fact, a cure for all illnesses. Morning walk reduces fatness; there is no chance of dangerous obesity and you appear slim and young throughout your life. Hence, people of all age groups – be they young or old, all genders – be they male or female and all levels or status be they rich or poor, are encouraged to have a morning walk in their everyday routine, and anything else that is positive, safe and good can follow.


B. Change the following sentences into passive voice.

a. I want someone to love me.

I want to be loved.

b. Someone broke into our house while we were on holiday.

Our house was broken into while we were on holiday.

c. I don’t like people staring at me.

I don’t like being stared at.

d. Is it true that someone stole your car?

Is true that your car was stolen?

e. The cat enjoys someone tickling him.

The cat enjoys being tickled.

f. Would Swostika open the window?

Would the window be opened by Swostika?

g. Did they confess the crime?

Was the crime confessed by them?

h. He thinks that someone is teaching Jennie.

He thinks that Jennie is being taught.

i. Sabina hates people laughing at her.

Sabina hates being laughed at.

C. Complete the following sentences as in the example.

a. English people think that the number thirteen is unlucky.

The number thirteen is thought to be unlucky by English people.

b. What are you wearing for the wedding?

Actually, I am having a suit made (a suit make). They will give it tomorrow.

c. The carpet in our drawing room is very dirty.

It needs to be cleaned (clean).

d. There are rumours that the factory at the corner is manufacturing bombs.

The factory at the corner is rumoured to be manufacturing bombs.

e. Some people believe that Silajit from Jumla cures all indigestion problems.

Silajit from Jumla is believed to cure all digestion problems.

f. People claim that Changu Narayan temple is the oldest temple in Nepal.

Changu Narayan temple is claimed to be the oldest temple in Nepal.


A: Your car is making a terrible noise.
B: Thank you. I am not a mechanic and I will make it be repaired soon. (repair).

h. The police suspect that the criminal left the country.

The criminal is suspected to leave the country.


A: Where are you going?
B: I am going to the stationery to get my document photocopied. (my document /photocopy)

j. People allege that the corrupt leader has embezzled millions of rupees.

The leader is alleged to embezzle millions of rupees.