Unit 13 : History Excercise Solution
(After The world Trade Center)

Working with words

A. Match the words with their definitions/meanings.

a. passion

any powerful or compelling emotion or feeling, as love or hate

b. surveillance

continuous observation of a place, person, group, or ongoing activity in order to gather information

c. integrity

the state of being whole, entire, or undiminished

d. avuncular

like an uncle

e. livelihood

a means of supporting one’s existence

f. fascination

powerful attraction

g. innovation

an idea, practice, or object that is perceived as new

h. panorama

an unobstructed and wide view of an extensive area in all directions

i. resilience

the power or ability of a material to return to its original form, position, etc., after being bent, compressed, or stretched

j. evacuation

the removal of people or things from an endangered area

B. Define the following professionals. One has been done for you.

  1. Civil engineer: A civil engineer is a person who designs and develops infrastructure projects like roads, dams, tunnels, bridges, etc.
  2. Mechanical engineer: A mechanical engineer is an engineer who designs, develops, builds and tests mechanical devices.
  3. Aerospace engineer: An aerospace engineer is someone who designs, tests and manages the manufacturing of aircraft, spacecraft, satellites and missiles.
  4. Automobile engineer:An automobile engineer is someone who designs systems and machines for automobiles.
  5. Electronic engineer: An electronic engineer is an engineer which utilizes nonlinear and active electrical components to design electronic circuits, devices, integrated circuits and their systems.
  6. Electric engineer: An electrical engineer is an engineer who is concerned with the study, design and application of equipment, devices and systems which use electricity, electronics and electromagnetism.
  7. Computer engineer: A computer engineer is someone who works in the design, development and maintenance of computer hardware and software systems.
  8. Food engineer: A food engineer is ‘someone who designs and develops a system for food production, processing, distributing and storing food and agricultural materials.
  9. Chemical engineer:A chemical engineer is someone who develops and designs chemicals as well as chemical manufacturing processes.
  10. Biomedical engineer:A biomedical engineer is someone who focuses on advances in technology and medicine to develop new devices and equipment for improving human health.


Answer the following questions.

a.Where were Frank and Nicole employed ?

Ans.: Frank and Nicole were employed in the World Trade Center where Frank was working as a construction manager of the World Trade Center and Nicole was hired as a surveillance engineer.

b.How does the author describe Frank’s attachment to the twin towers? 

Ans.: The author describes Frank’s attachment to the twin towers as his livelihood and a passion and he could speak of them with the absorbed fascination with which poets sometimes speak of Dante’s canzones.

c.How did the two families become intimate with each other? 

Ans.: The two families first met through their children and became intimate with each other.

d.What, according to Nicole, did Frank think of the towers? 

Ans.: According to Nicole, Frank thought the towers represented an incredible human feat.

e.Why did Frank want to help the people in the tower after the attack? 

Ans.: Frank wanted to help the people in the tower after the attack because nobody knew the building as he did.

f.Why did Frank not follow Nicole’s request even after knowing that the building was on fire? 

Ans.: Frank did not follow Nicole’s request even after knowing that the building was on fire because he wanted to help in the evacuation of people and direct the line.

g.Who did Frank call from the building after the attack ? 

Ans.: Frank called his sister Nina from the building after the attack.

h.How did Nicole feel after the collapse of the first tower?

Ans.: After the collapse of the first tower, Nicole felt like the onset of a nuclear winter.

i.Were Frank’s children serious as soon as they heard the news of their missing father? Why?

Ans.: Franks children were not serious as soon as they heard the news of their missing father. They listened to the news with wide-eyed interest, but soon afterwards they went back to their interrupted games.

Critical thinking

a.Many innocent people lose their lives in ruthless attacks every year. What do you think the governments should do to protect their people from such attacks and make the world a safer place to live? Discuss with your friends. 

Ans.: It is obviously true that an increasing number of deadly attacks are resulting in more deaths every year. Terrorist groups organize such plans and attacks in order to spread their ideologies all over the world. They mostly take advantage of a weak and vulnerable system and lunch their plans. The government and security officials need to be very careful to defend against such attacks at any cost. The government should plan and operate departments that work in controlling and preventing such attacks. Also, the citizens should be made aware of such attacks and suspicious activities that may result in such attacks. The collective efforts and programs from all sectors, i.e. government, officials, citizens, airport securities, immigration department, etc. greatly helps to control such attacks. In my opinion, the governments should carry out the following tasks in order to protect their people from such attacks and make the world a safer place to live:

i.The immigration department should be very active and careful in order to identify terrorists and explosives and should take immediate action against them.

ii.Security personnel must be extra vigilant in places with large numbers of people. For example: metro stations and bus stations, festivals and concert venues, and shopping centres.

iii.The public too must be very careful and check the location of the emergency exits in every building they enter.

iv. Any suspicious activities and persons must be immediately reported.

b.Revenge and violence are the integral parts of the history and civilization. They can’t be ignored, only managed. Do you agree or not with this statement? Present your logic.

Ans.: Revenge is the act or process of retaliating against or punishing someone for some kind of harm that they caused or wrongdoing that they did (whether real or perceived) and violence is the behaviour involving physical force intended to hurt, damage or kill someone or something.

Revenge and violence are two interrelated terms that often cause an impact upon one another. Human history since ages has witnessed revenge and violence. In the past, there used to be revenge between kingdoms that subsequently result in violent wars. Violence and revenge are still present in the modern age too but only their form has changed. Now, they occur in the form of terrorist attacks, hijackings, explosions, suicidal bombings, and many more.

There are always some reasons behind any sort of violence and revenge. Sometimes people revenge and chose the path of revolution to get justice. The government should try to know the motivation and reason behind the revenge and violence that the group is seeking. Sometimes we give big speeches but ignore our small weaknesses and mistakes which may directly or indirectly harm others. In fact, we can’t ignore and root out revenge and In fact, we ca violence completely because they are part of us. Instead, we need to compromise for the best possible outcomes. We should listen and respect the manageable demands of the revolutionary groups if they are fighting for positive deeds. And only then, we can maintain peace and live happily without fear.


A.Write a description of an event that you have recently witnessed?

Ans.: Though I am not interested in politics, I have a friend who is interested in politics. He influenced me to go to his party rally with him. Unwillingly though I had to accept his request for the sake of our friendship and we went to the rally. There were hundreds of people who were singing slogans about their parties and leaders. The rally was going fine until but soon on the arrival of another party’s rally, there started a quarrel and conflict which turned into violent fighting among the supporters of these two parties. Soon they started attacking each other’s slogan and party. Then there occurred fighting between groups. They threw glass bottles, pelted stones, etc. at each other. And during these all violent activities, I didn’t know when I separated from my friend. The security forces could not control the dispute and even two of the policemen were injured while controlling the violence. Soon the more security force was supplied from the police headquarters and the police vans started arriving soon and they started charging sticks and fired some rounds of tear gas. Eventually, the police took the situation under control. I was so frightened to  witness this type of violence for the first type and what hurt me more was that the violence was my own countrymen. Later, I came to know that 20 people were severely injured including 5 policemen. And, the next day, I came to know that my friend was admitted to the hospital and when I went to the hospital to see him, I saw him lying on the bed with a broken leg.

B.Human life does not pass as one expects. You might have also gone through different but memorable incidents. Write an essay on ‘An Unforgettable Event in my Life’ in about 500 words. 


‘An Unforgettable Event in my Life’

I recall an event that happened a year ago and it is unforgettable in my life. I along with my father and some of my neighbours, was going to attend a dinner party a few kilometres away from our home. We decided to go in Maharshi Uncle’s car. On that day, the car driver was on leave, so Maharshi Uncle drove the car himself. It was already 9 pm. We had a late start because of some works we had had to accomplish before attending the party. However, we had a hope of reaching our destination in forty minutes.

The weather was somewhat not good. It was drizzling. The place we were going to attend the dinner party was on the highway. So, we thought it would not be a problem for us to go there. We were nine members in all. Two of us were to get down on the way because they had some other works. Now, our car moved on. It was still drizzling. The night was dark and gloomy. Our car was heading to our destination. On the way to Narendrapur, Tenzing Uncle got down. Then we moved on. The vehicle gradually picked up its speed. I was sitting in the back seat and was peeping into the speedometer. We passed Laxminagar and then Banhari. At that time our vehicle was running at the speed of eighty kilometres per hour. But we were all sure about the driving skills of Maharshi uncle.

Just before a bridge, on the way, there was a big hump and unfortunately, Maharshi Uncle didn’t manage to see the big hump earlier and he just noticed to see this when the car was very near to the hump. As he suddenly sighted the hump before him, he tried to apply the brake to check the speed of the vehicle. But the road was slippery because of drizzling and the car had a sudden skid, and it somehow turned to the right before the bridge and rolled down into the low-land. The doors of the car broke off as it rolled down and we were thrown out of it one by one. Out of the seven members, only three sitting on the front seat were in the car, others lay on the ground. After rolling down so many times, the vehicle was found erect on its wheels, and its lights were still on. There was silence all over the place. All except me had lost their consciousness. The

sudden accident shocked me so much that I became speechless for some time, I found Ramesh uncle, Ibrahim uncle, Darshan Sir, Maharshi uncle and my father lying scattered on the field. Bhandari Mama and brother Prafulla were inside the vehicle like me. But they were as good as dead. I was quite at my wit’s end. Probably the drizzling rain helped the crew to get back their consciousness. Everybody had got some injuries in the accident, but they were not major. I was quite conscious of my surrounding till Maharshi Uncle applied the brake and soon I felt the vehicle upturned, rolling down the lowland beside the road. The sight had shocked me so much. I was speechless for some time. But gradually each of us came to our consciousness.

We found our car completely shapeless, unfit to take us back. Fortunately, a scooter happened to pass that way. Its rider was kind enough to go back to the nearby village and arrange a truck to bring us back. The truck took us to the nearby Hospital. There we had medical aid for our injuries and made for our respective homes. This was an unforgettable experience in my life that haunts me time and often and makes me mentally broken when I remember the event.


B. Complete these sentences with the correct prepositions.

a. The relationship between the two boys has changed significantly over the past few years.
b. In Nepal, many girls get married at an early age.
c. I’m not in the mood for such silly games.
d. There were no security personnel on duty at that time.
e. The new smartphone is similar to the one I bought a few years ago.
f. My dad insisted on taking the later train.
g. People with ambition always try to achieve their goals, no matter what happens.
h. Mr. Jenkins has been disabled all his life as a result of a childhood illness.
i. We bought the TV because it was on sale.
j. She has no understanding of how computers really work.
k. I gave him my new T-shirt in exchange for a few cigarettes.
l. The company is run by two people who hardly ever meet.
m. All the celebrations and parties were called off because of the tragic accident.
n. There was a great need of volunteers at the site of the crash.

C. Complete the following text with correct prepositions.

What are we seeing here? One very real possibility is that these are the educational consequences of the differences in parenting styles that we talked about in the Chris Langan chapter. Think back to Alex Williams, the nine-year-old whom Annette Lareau studied. His parents believe in connected cultivation. He gets taken to museums and gets enrolled in special programs and goes to summer camp, where he takes classes. When he’s bored at home, there are plenty of books to read, and his parents see it as their responsibility to keep him actively engaged in the world for him. It’s hard to see how Alex would get better at reading and math in the summer.

Simple future, future continuous, future perfect and future perfect continuous

B. make sentences from the given clues as stated in brackets.

a. Who/pass the exam? (future simple)

Who will pass the exam?

b. How/you/get home? (future continuous)

How will you be getting home?

c. I/come later. (future simple)

I’ll come later.

d. She/catch the train by 3 pm. (future perfect)

She will have caught the train by 3 PM.

e. It/rain tomorrow. (future simple)

It will rain tomorrow.

f. John/sleep at 4 am. (future continuous)

John will be sleeping at 4 am.

g. How long/you/see your boyfriend when you get married? (future perfect continuous)

How long will you have been seeing your boyfriend when you get married?

h. It/rain in Kathmandu next week. (future continuous)

It will be raining in Kathmandu next week.

i. How long/you/work here when you retire? (future perfect continuous)

How long have you been working here when you retire?

j. He/not/finish the cleaning by the time she gets home. (future perfect)

He won’t have finished the cleaning by the time she gets home.

C. Complete the following sentences with the correct future tense form of the verbs in the brackets.

a. It will snow (snow) in Brighton tomorrow evening.

b. On Friday at 8 o’clock, I’m going to meet (to meet) my friend.

c. Wait! I will drive (to drive) you to the station.

d. When they get married in March, they will have been (to be) together for six years.

e. You’re carrying too much. I will open (to open) the door for you.

f. Do you think the teacher will have marked (to mark) our homework by Monday morning?

g. When I see you tomorrow, I will show (show) you my new book.

h. After you take a nap, you will feel (to feel) a lot better.

i. I will let (to let) you know the second the builders finish decorating.

j. We will wait (to wait) in the shelter until the bus comes.

k. I’m very sorry, Dr. Jones won’t be (not be) back in the clinic unit 2 pm.

l. This summer, I will have been living (to live) in Birgunj for four years.

m. I don’t think you will have (to have) any problems when you land in Pokhara.

n. The baby should be due soon, next week she will have been (to be) pregnant for nine months.

o. By the time we get home, they will have been playing (to play) football for 30 minutes.

p. When you get off the train, I will be waiting (to wait) for you by the ticket machine.

q. This time next week, I will be skiing (ski) in Switzerland!

r. Now, I am going to check (to check) my answers.