Unit 6:Health And Excercise Solution
(You May Scoff)

Ways with words

A. Ten words in the bold face in the text correspond to the definitions below. Match the definitions with the corresponding words.

a. in spite of what has just been said or referred to

b. a strong desire or impulse

c. the ability to continue trying to do something, although it is very difficult

d. to attract attention to or emphasize something important

e. arguing about things that are not important

f. not having things or conditions that are usually considered necessary

g. continue to exist

h. soft loose flesh on a person’s body

i. to improve or increase something

j. a limiting condition on something

Now, make sentences of your own using the same words in bold type.

a.nevertheless: There is less possibility to get success nevertheless I will try.
b.urge: The politician urged people to maintain peace.
c.determination: Our determination leads us to success therefore, we should not give up.
d. highlighted: The people highlighted the issue of road because it is one of the infrastructures of development.
e.bickering: Bickering on the topic ‘Satisfaction’ is just a waste of time.
f.deprivation: The major cause of deprivation of education is poverty.
g.persist: If the symptoms persist for a long time you should consult the doctor.
h.flab: What is responsible for the flab?
i.boost: Physical exercises boost metabolism and make us healthy.
restriction: The restriction on human rights causes problem to government.

B. The words ‘restriction’ and ‘awareness’ are nouns with the suffixes ‘-ion’ and ‘-ness’. Make a list of as many words as you can which end in ‘-ion’ and ‘-ness’. Make a list of as many words as you can which end in ‘-ion’ and ‘ness.




Write whether the following statements are True, False or Not Given.
a.During the holidays people eat and drink more than usual. True
b.Getting too little exercise and eating too much is the reason why people put on weight. True
c.David Allison’s research involved studying rats under laboratory conditions. False
d.You may need to go shopping for clothes if you come down with a cold. True
e.Adenovirus-36 (AD-36) decreases the percentage of fat in the fat cells. False
f.Vaccination against infections could be used in the future to prevent obesity. True

g. People under severe stress can experience breathing difficulties. Not Given

h. A study indicates that mice that have never been on a diet choose fatty food, when given a choice between high-calorie or low-calorie food products. False

i. Rajita Sinha has been studying the connection between brain activity and behaviour. False

j. Specific hormones regulate our appetite. True

Answer the following questions. (तलका प्रश्नहरूका उत्तर दिनुहोस् ।)
a.In what sense are the holidays a time of excess? When can a person gain weight?
Ans: Holidays are the time of excess because we are free to eat or drink at any time, we just want to enjoy our life during this time. A person can gain weight when he/she eats a lot but lacks
exercise or movement.

b. According to David Allison, which factor contributes to excess obesity?
Ans: According to David Allison, the amount of light that is exposed to, viruses and epigenetics contribute to excess obesity.

c. What, according to Dhurandhar, can be the way of preventing fatness?
Ans: According to Dhurandhar vaccination can be the way of preventing fatness.

d.What is the relationship between chill and obesity? How can saying ‘om’ help reduce fatness?
Ans: Chill helps to burn calories and helps to reduce obesity. Saying ‘Om’ helps to control our stress and eating high calory food and helps to reduce fatness.

e. Why is it necessary to be careful while buying plastic packaged fatty foods?
Ans: It is necessary to be careful while buying plastic packaged fatty foods because they may contain endocrine disrupter which can leach into food and drinks and can change the normal functioning of hormones.

f.Why does Nelson suggest avoiding blue wavelengths of light at night?
Ans: Nelson suggests avoiding blue wavelengths of light at night because it is disruptive to the circadian system and it can affect in metabolism.

g.How does breathing polluted air affect one’s fatness?
Ans: Breathing polluted air affects one’s fatness, it deposits extra fat around the stomach, it makes the cells less sensitive to insulin and can cause type two diabetes. It disrupts the body’s ability to burn energy.

h. What is the link between sleep and weight ?
Ans: There is link between sleep and obesity because when we sleep there is less physical activity, and too little sleep can make a person fat.

Critical thinking

What do you do you to keep yourself fit? What food do you avoid and why?

Ans: It is said that ‘Health is wealth.’ It is a true statement. I am aware of my health. Every day I go for the morning walk and perform physical exercise. On holidays. I play badminton and football because various exercises are automatically performed while playing games. Brisk walk has r helped me to be fit. I avoid fatty food, junk food, red meat and spicy food because they are not good for health and can cause different diseases.

b.Healthy citizens are the greatest asset of a country. What can a state do to keep her citizen healthy ?
Ans: Yes, it is true that healthy citizens are the greatest asset of a country because the development of a Skilled and healthy manpower are the strength of any country. Until and unless the citizen are country depends on healthy citizens. Healthy citizens can contribute to make a healthy nation healthy, a country cannot make progress. The country can conduct different prorammes to make he citizen healthy.


a.Yoga can be good to stay physically and mentally healthy. Do you practise any yoga? Write an essay on the benefits of yoga.

Yoga is one of the physical or mental exercises to be healthy and fit. It is a kind of exercise through which different body parts, elements are linked to mind with the help of meditation. It helps us to feel relax. It helps us to control our emotions, and actions. It can be a great exercise to manage our worries and anxieties. This is the form of exercise that was originated in Indian sub-continent. Ancient gurus, Rishi-Maharshis used to perform Yoga to remain physically and mentally fit. Yoga has become a popular exercise these days. Many people are attracted to it to be free from stress. Yoga is a safe practice that can be practiced by anyone at anytime. Even children and elderly people can be benefitted by performing yoga. It has become famous throughout the world. World Yoga Day is celebrated on 21st June, every year. Yoga is very beneficial exercise because one can control over his/her body and mind through meditation. It strengthens our soul and keeps us away from diseases. As it provides us physical and mental exercise, it sharpens our knowledge and intellect.

It can cure many fatal diseases. It helps to control diabetes, blood pressure, heart disease and so on. We can make it a part of our everyday life. Once we learn basic Yoga skills we can perfom them at home at any time we like. Varieties of Yoga exercises are there for the exercise of different body parts. We feel refreshed after we perform Yoga. Now a days it is also taught in schools and colleges. Students practice yoga in these institutions. It has also been included in our school curriculum so that, students learn it and practice. It is very beneficial exercise to be free from worries, anxieties, and mental stress in our busy life. It also connects us with nature. Everyone can find proper yoga exercises to fit his/her interest and requirement.
We can make it an essential part of our daily life. It is said that ‘prevention is better than cure’, so we can perform Yoga to prevent diseases. Our medical expenses can be reduced through Yoga. It also helps to maintain our weight. It is a beneficial exercise not only for external organs but also for internal parts. These days, Yoga has been the life style for millions of people around the globe. Healthy mind lives in healthy body, therefore we should always keep our body fit.
Our health should be in our top priority. And undoubtedly, Yoga can be the best form of exercise to be healthy. Government should promote Yoga to keep people physically and mentally fit. If people are healthy, the nation will be healthy. In fact healthy citizen are the true asset of the nation. It is better to include yoga in our everyday life to be healthy and happy.

b.How can a person be mentally healthy? Provide about ten tips to a person to stay mentally fresh and healthy.

Ans: Any ten tips to stay mentally fresh and healthy are as follows:

Get up early in the morning.
Drink warm water.
Perform Yoga, everyday.
Play outdoor games and do enough exercise.
Avoid eating oily and spicy food.
Do not smoke and drink alcohol.
Do something that makes you happy.
Eat a balanced diet, fruits and green vegetables.
Take a break from your work and rest.
Care for others because helping others gives us mental peace and satisfaction.


B. Complete the sentences by choosing the correct verbs from the brackets.

a. Everyone has (has/have) problems in their life. Countries also have (has/have) problems, and so does (do/does) the world. One of the greatest problems is (is/are) the growing population. The population in some countries is (is/are) huge.

b. A number of my friends love (love/loves) riding bicycles, but neither my brother nor my sister owns (own/owns) a cycle. At 4 o’clock, either my mother or father is (is/are) coming to pick me up in a car.

c. The pair of shoes on the floor is (is/are) mine. The shoes were (was/ were) made in China. The three thousand rupees I spent on them was (was/were) worth it.

C. Are the following sentences correct? If not, correct them.

a. Everyone of the workers receive the same benefits.
Everyone of the workers receives the same benefits.

b. There is two gerbils in my bathroom.
There are two gerbils in my bathroom.

c. Both of my friends live in Kathmandu.
Both of my friends live in Kathmandu.

d. Scissors is used to have our hair cut.
Scissors are used to have our hair cut.

e. You and your friends are welcome to join us.
You and your friends are welcome to join us.

f. Are the news on at five or six?
Is the news on at five or six?

g. The man with all his children live in the city.
The man with all his children lives in the city.

h. Mathematics are Prem’s favourite subject, while Economics is Alina’s favourite subject.
Mathematics is Prem’s favourite subject, while Economics is Alina’s favourite subject.