Unit 17: Globalization And Diaspora Solution
(Who lost Identity?)

Ways with words

A. Choose the words for the following meanings.

a. the severely damaging or destructive effects of something
→ ravage

b. someone forced to leave their country in order to escape war, persecution, or natural disaster
→ refugee

c. to face a difficult situation
→ confront

d. take a position of power or importance illegally or by force
→ usurp

e. the process of becoming a part of a group, country, society, etc.
→ assimilation

f. an area within a larger territory whose inhabitants are culturally or ethnically distinct
→ enclave

C. Fill in the gaps with the correct word from the brackets.

a. I asked him if he was attending the ceremony and he shook his head ‘no’. (shook/moved/nodded)
b. They made a horrible decision which caused irreparable damage to our company. (hopeless/inflexible/irreparable)
c. The leaders need to break down barriers so as to create a favorable environment in the nation. (barriers/obstacles/hindrances)
d. You ought to talk to the manager to settle the dispute. (solve/settle/clear up)
e. Perhaps this issue will not get much media coverage (security/examination/ coverage)
f. This week is the first week of Joan as an in-charge. Everything is running smoothly. (smoothly/calmly/easily)
g. I haven’t read the text thoroughly but given a quick glance. (fast/quick/rapid)


Answer the following questions. 

a. Why did millions of Palestinians leave their country? 

Ans: Millions of Palestinians left their country because they were denied basic human rights in their country to find a better life and better economic opportunities.

b. How is the global culture formed? Is cultural identity possible even in the global culture? Justify. 

Ans: The young generations from the huge, waves of technological advancement form the global culture. Yes, cultural identity is possible even in the global culture, social media, street journalism and global trans-national for the new dynamics of global culture formation. Cultural identify provides the global significance and helps in integration.

C. Why can moving from one side of the world to the other be an economic challenge for newcomers? 

Ans: Moving from one side of the world to the other can be an economic challenge for newcomers because integration program needs time starting from learning the language, integrating culturally and integration into the labor market.

d. How can immigrants foster economy at different magnitudes of scale in their new homes? 

Ans: Immigrants can faster economy at different magnitudes of scale in their new homes by starting their own business.

e.Can immigrants fully integrate in the new societies? Give reasons.

Ans: No, immigrants cannot fully integrate in the new societies because they are unwilling to be part of the new society and the society too, does not open its door fully to allow them to integrate.

f.Mention any two benefits of integrating into a new society for the immigrants. 

Ans: Any two benefits of integrating into a new society for the immigrants are.

Immigrants will have equal opportunities in learning.

II. They can be economically strong and they can be a solid bridge between the two cultures c

religions with mutual understanding.

g.Why should the immigrants run in concordance with global culture?

Ans: The immigrants should run in concordance with global culture because the cost of isolation and non-covergance is higher and more damaging than integration and they can face the fear of losing identity.

Critical thinking

A. Do you think that the local is globalised and the global is localised? Can there be the global culture as well? Give examples.

Ans: Globalization is the adaptation of global and international products, culture, tradition and so on. Now days any culture, production, technology are not limited to any particular geographical boundary. A product or service is developed and distributed globally but it is also adjusted to accommodate the user or consumer in the local market. The immigrants from different countries have settled in different parts of the world and with their migration they also spread their culture, food, tradition and they become global.

Now days some multinational companies are established worldwide and they sell their products in the local market as well. For example, Coca Cola Company is a multinational company and it sells its products all over the world. The products of their company have been localized. On the other hand, due to immigrants some local cultures are globalized. For example, Deepawali a Hindu festival is observed even in many European countries. In this sense local is globalized and global is localized.

Different culture, traditions are followed in different parts of the world. For example, Christmas is observed all over the world but, still it is not a global culture. It is very hard to find any culture that is followed throughout the globe. Therefore there is less possibility of any global culture.

B.What is globalisation? Discuss the effects of globalization on traditional cultures. 

Ans: The term globalization is a widely used term these days. It means the adoption of open and unfettered trading markets and it lowers the barriers in different aspects. The effects of globalization can be felt in traditional culture too. Due to it the culture and tradition of rich and powerful countries are spreading all over the world. In the context of our country too. People imitate and follow the foreign culture. About twenty years ago, we could hardly listen about celebrating New Year (January 1), Christmas, Valentine’s Day etc. but now they have become common. New generation may not know Father’s Day, Guru Purnima, Mother’s Day but they eagerly expect to come English New Year, Valentine’s Day and so on. This is the effect of globalization in our local culture. We. Nepalese are very rich in Jatras and Melas but what happens to them if new generation is disinterested in them.

Globalization definitely effects the traditional culture of any country. But poor and developing countries are badly affected due to domination of developed and rich countries. Anyway, in this modern era, effects of globalization cannot be prevented but we should try to minimize its effects in our traditional culture.

C.Discuss the impacts of globalization on the process and progress of education in Nepal. 

Ans: Globalization effects almost every sector and educational sector cannot be the exception of it. It has both positive and negative impacts in the fields of education. Global education interconnects methods of teaching from worldwide system for the betterment in education. New methods of teaching learning activities are exchanged in groups. The use of technology in education serves as a foundation for practical education. Some of the challenges for knowledge, education and learning provides ability to the learners to be more familiar and comfortable with abstract concept and uncertain situations. It enhances the student’s ability to manipulate symbols, and acquire and utilize knowledge. It enables the learners to access, assess, adopt and apply knowledge to think independently to exercise appropriate judgment and to collaborate with others to make sense of new situation. It also encourages students to work in teams and it is beneficial to develop skills such as group dynamics, compromise, debate, persuasion, organization, leadership and management skills. There is no doubt that globalization supports in process and progress of education in Nepal. But it affects our culture, values and tradition. The people, especially in poor countries may find it difficult to preserve their culture and originality which is directly associated to their identity.


C. Write a news story to be published in a newspaper about a local festival/fair you have witnessed.


The post reporter, Kathmandu, April 5

Holi celebrated

Holi, which is popularly known as the festival of color has been celebrated today in the hilly districts of Nepal. Young boys and girls were seen enjoying the festival from early in the morning. It is believed that Holika, a female demon who jumped in the fire with Pralhad was killed in the fire. Since then People Started celebrating Holi to commemorate Holika’s death. People come out of their houses with varieties of color and Lola’s and smear color to each other. Young boys and girls painted their face with colors and sang and danced. They enjoyed it till late afternoon. Government had given public holiday to celebrate Holi. The festival will be celebrated in Terai region tomorrow.


B. Complete each sentence using what/how/where/whether + one of these verbs:

a. Do you know how to get to Rama’s house?
b. I don’t know whether to apply for the job or not.
c. Have you decided where to go for your picnic?
d. Can you show me how to use this camera?
e. Ask Hari. He’ll tell you how to ride a bicycle.
f. I was really astonished. I didn’t know how to ride on the horse.

C. Paraphrase the following sentences using the verb in brackets as in the example.

a. Mahesh forgets to close the windows. (tend)
→ Mahesh tends to forget to close the windows

b. Your car has broken down. (appear)
→ Your car appears to have broken down.

c. Ashika is worried about her exam. (seem)
→ Ashika seems to be worried about her exam.

d. They have developed the theory. (claim)
→ They claim to have developed the theory.

e. He’s enjoying his new job. (pretend)
→ He pretends to be enjoying his new job.