Unit 2: Communication Solution

Ways with words

A. The words in the crossword puzzle are from the text. Find them in the text to solve the puzzle based on the clues given below.


1. to be preoccupied with a single topic or emotion – obsessed
3. to move slowly and quietly in a particular direction – creep
4. orderly, logical and Consistent – coherent

2. to utter rapidly or unintelligibly – babble
5. to insert something between other things – interpose
6. an unreadable handwriting – squiggle

B. Use the following words in sentences of your own.

massive, consciousness, catch-as-catch-can, give up, abandon, lousy, editing

Massive:Nepal was hit by the massive earthquake in 2015.
Consciousness:Consciousness plays a crucial role to prevent many diseases.
Catch-as-catch-can:We have enough materials. There won’t be catch-as-catch-can.
give up:It is better to give up smoking for good health.
Abandon:The children, who are abandaned by their parents, can easily be smuggled.
lousy: He bought some lousy clothes which do not fit me.
editing:Editing is a challenging job which requires competency.

C. Word formation: Adjectives and Adverbs

b.Write the following words in the right columns. Change the adjectives into adverbs and nouns into adjectives.


c. Fill in the gaps with the appropriate adjective or adverb.
i. Pramila is playing quietly (quiet/quietly).

ii. Hari speaks very loudly (loud/loudly).

iii. Mukesh is a careful (careful/carefully) driver.

iv. The test was easy (easy/easily) and we finished in time.

v. He is fitting the automatic (automatic/automatically) door in my house.

vi. My uncle speaks perfect (perfect/perfectly) Chinese.

vii. It was raining very heavily (heavy/heavily).

viii. She looked very calm (calm/calmly), but I am sure she was feeling very nervous.


Answer the following questions.

a. Why is freewriting also called ‘automatic writing’?
Freewriting is also called ‘automatic writing’ because it is a continuous process of writing which is free from spellings, grammar and topics.

b.How do you differentiate writing from speaking ?
Ans: Writing is different from speaking because we can edit our writing as many times as we like but when we speak we do not get that chance.

c.What is the biggest obstacles in the writing process, according to Elbow? Do you agree with him? Why? Why not ?
Ans: According to Elbow, the biggest obstacle in the writing process is one may not get idea what to write and may give up writing. Yes, I agree with him because writing is not an easy task. We might not get idea to continue our writing which really disappoints and discourages the writer.

d.How can freewriting overcome ‘writer’s block’?
Ans: The writer can overcome from his/her block by frequent practices on the topics without any interruption which later on becomes as a crazy habit and finally be able to express his/her feelings,ideas, and opinions automatically. He/she should avoid editing.

e.What do you mean by ‘voice’ in writing?
Ans: In writing voice means combination of sound and rhythm which helps to express the writer’s intention to the item that is being written. The writer writes his/her voice in a piece of writing.

f. Elbow uses a simile to explain that freewriting “is like writing something and putting it in a bottle in the sea.” What does this mean? Explain.
Ans: It means writing something in a piece connects the writer and the reader but it does not provide anyfeedback.

Critical thinking

a.How does the author persuade readers in this essay? What is he trying to communicate to the readers?Ans: In this essay the writer speaks in favour of freewriting. It is difficult, we face many obstacles, which might discourage us to continue our writing but we should not give up. Sometimes we do not get any words to write and there may be complete halt but the writer tries to persuade the reader saying that whatever comes to your mind write it, repeat the words many times but do not stop. The writer tries to communicate with the readers, when he says listen to your voice and continue your writing.

b.Elbow said, freewriting “is an exercise in bringing together the process of producing words and putting them down on the page.” Do you agree with his statement? Why? Why not?
Ans: Elbow said “Free writing is an exercise in bringing together the process of producing words and putting them down the page. Yes, I agree with him because writing is not a haphazard. process. It is not just a scribble. Although it is difficult, it continues when we start, it. It is a systematic process of producing a meaningful piece of writing. Just putting down the words to fill the page does not make a coherent piece of writing. But when we brainstorm, collect ideas and go on writing we are habitualed to it. We should never postpone or give up writing. Regular habit of writing reduces editing and makes our writing natural.

c.How did you learn to write? What was particularly difficult in writing? What inspired you to
write? What are some of the challenges that you still face while writing ?
Ans: Writing is not an easy task in itself I learnt to write with the help of my teachers. Lack of vocabulary was the problem and writing a poem was particularly difficult for me. My teachers and parents inspired me to write. I was particularly impressed by the poems written by William words worth Yes, I still face some challenges while writing. The main problem is what……? I do not get idea what to write. Another problem is when to edit the writing? Editing is challenging part of writing usually afraid of the grammatical errors but when I followed my teacher’s suggestion it helped me to overcome this problem.


C. Write a paragraph on anyone of the following topics.

a. My School library
Library is the place where books of various topics are collected and stored. It is a store house of knowledge. There is a library in my school. There are many books of different sectors.Students go to library and read books in their free time. There are many supplementary books which are really helpful to us. Not only books there are newspapers and magazines, too. I usually go to library and read English newspapers which help to improve my English. Sometimes I borrow books from library. I usually borrow books on science and encyclopedia. But, still there are not adequate books. Many students are interested in English literature but there are only limited books. Therefore such books should be added to address the interest of the students.

b.Moral values I like Most
Moral values are the guidelines which take our life to the right path. These are the virtues everyone should possess. The people having moral values do not think wrong about others. Every parents should teach these moral values to their children so that they can lead themeselves to the path of success. Some moral values such as love, discipline, honesty, kindness, compassion, truthfulness play crucial role to live a positive life. The children should learn these values at home and school. These are the basic principles of every religion. Those basic qualities make a person good and take him/her to the path of progress.


B. Rewrite the following sentences with the adverbs in the appropriate place.
a. I watch television. (often)
Ans: I often watch television.
b. Have you been to Janakpur? (ever)
Ans: Have you everbeen to Janakpur?
C. They play football on Saturdays. (sometimes)
Ans: Sometimes they play football on Saturdays.
d. The weather is bad in November. (always)
Ans: The weather is always bad in November.
e. We have fish for dinner. (seldom)
Ans: We seldom have fish for dinner.
f.Pritam doesn’t get up before seven. (usually)
Ans: Pritam usually does not get up before seven.
g.I was very tired and I was hungry. (also)
Ans: I was very tired and I was also hungry.
h. Did you enjoy the flight? (both)
Ans: Did you both enjoy the flight?

C. Rewrite the following sentences placing the underlined words in the right position.
a. I never have understood her..
Ans: I have never understood her.
b. We are often invited to the parties.
Ans: We are often invited to the parties.
c. We all were tired, so we all fell asleep.
Ans: We were all tired, so we all fell asleep.
d. Rajan drives always to work.
Ans: Rajan always drives to work.
e. Pradip hardly ever watches television, but he reads newspapers a lot.
Ans: Pradeep hardly ever watches television, but he reads newspaper a lot.
f. We enjoyed very much the party.
Ans: We enjoyed the party very much.
g. My brother speaks fl uently English.
Ans: My brother speaks English fluently.