Unit 10 : Career Opportunities Excercise Solution
(Presenting Yourself)

Working with words

A. Complete the sentences with the correct words from the box below.

a. You must learn about 2000 Kanji to develop competence in the spoken Japanese language.

b. I can type both English and Nepali but not as fast as professional typists.

c. When she was in class eight, she got the opportunity to participate in a national painting competition.

d. The Prime Minister gave a long list of his achievement.

e. He spent many years in jail before reaching the position of a minister.

f. About fifty workers were made redundant because of the financial crisis in the factory.

g. He is affiliated to the World Bank as a senior consultant.

h. They registered my application after making verification of my documents.

i. I requested my teacher to be my referee in my CV.

j. To make our country self-sustained in food production is an imperative need at present.

B. Define the following employment-related terms and use them in the sentences of your own.

  1. Volunteering – an act of individual or group done as a service without taking any or money

-I like to participate in volunteering programs launched to help poor people.

2.On the job training – a technique wherein the workers, are given direct instructions to perform their jobs on the actual work floor

-The company fired Sarika from her job since she didn’t attend any of the job training that her company managed for all the employees.

3.Career opportunity – a job that is particularly good for doing long-term and lifelong period 

-Only experienced job applicants are allowed to seek a career opportunity as a manager of this organization. 

4.Skill development – a process of identifying your skill gap and ensuring you develop these skills

-Skill development and training is an integral part of an employee’s life.

  1. Apprenticeship – an arrangement in which someone learns art, trade or job under another

-He could never have been such a great painter without the apprenticeship of his own father.

6.Career counselling -a type of advice-giving and support provided by career counsellors to their clients

-The company assured the manager that their special career counselling programs can test and measure students’ real abilities and help greatly in placing them in appropriate classes.

7.Credentials – a proof of ability or trustworthiness, usually a certificate or letter that qualifies somebody to do something

-The company strictly checks the credentials of every charity you want to donate to.

8.Human capital – the skills, knowledge and experience of an individual or population, viewed in terms of their value or cost to an organization or country

-In fact, sound human capital is a very essential asset to any country for its growth and development.

  1. Internship – a period of work experience offered by an organization for a limited period of time..

-He completed his six-month-long internship at AFU.

  1. Soft skills – the abilities that relate to how you work and how you interact with other people

-Qualifications obviously help but it is the soft skills that matter the most in your Career.

  1. Minimum wage-the lowest payment that employees can legally get from their employers

-The finance minister has proposed to increase the minimum wage from Rs. 69 per hour to Rs 77 per hour.

  1. Recruitment – the process of identifying, attracting, interviewing, selecting, hiring and onboarding employee

-The company has made a large number of recruitments along with the increase in sales and total profit of the company.

  1. Role model – someone for whom others look to as a good example, someone like whom people want to be

-Bill Gates is one of the greatest role models for most of the business tycoons throughout the world.

  1. Aptitude – a natural ability to do something

-He has demonstrated a great aptitude for carpentry skills.

  1. Assessment – a systematic basis for making an evaluation about the learning and working performance

-The manager of the company conducted an assessment to find out the real performance of the employees and suggested the CEO in order to increase the workers’ salary accord accordingly.


Answer the following questions.

a.What does a CV mean and why is it important in one’s career?

Ans.: CV is a document that sets out a whole host of one’s personal details, experience and achievements as they relate to their working life.

CV is important because it is needed when applying for jobs, seeking promotion and trying to get research funding.

b.Does the same CV work for all job opportunities? Why or why not? 

Ans.: No, the same CV does not work for all job opportunities because it cannot reflect everything while switching different departments.

c.What are the different areas where CV can help you? 

Ans.: The different areas where CV can help us are while finding jobs, during promotion, while getting funding, etc.

d.What do you mean by ‘Staying CV’ and ‘Leaving CV’? Which one would you develop for yourself as a freshman? 

Ans: A ‘staying CV is that of a good university citizen, including plenty of committee work and administration, pastoral care of students, a heavy teaching load as well as a credible research record.

A ‘leaving CV’ is that which will reflect the interests of a prospective new employer and will probably highlight research achievements, while still showing that you are generally competent and willing across the range of duties undertaken by academics.

I would prefer to develop ‘Leaving CV’ for myself as a freshman because it reflects the interests of a prospective new employer like ma and will probably highlight my research achievements well.

e.How can you draft a good CV? 

Ans.: We can draft a good CV by establishing a good basic framework and ensuring that all ongoing work activities are recorded and not forgotten as well as constant revising and adding personal details.

f.What is the difference between academic CV and non-academic CV. 

Ans.: The differences between academic and non-academic CV are as follows:

i.An academic CV is longer than a non-academic CV.

ii.There might be largely unverifiable assertions in non-academic CVs. In contrast, academic Cvs should never make vague or unverifiable assertions.

Critical Thinking

a. CV may not represent a person’s skills and abilities accurately because one’s confidence cannot be rendered in a paper. What do you think the employers should do to find the best people for the job? 

Ans.: It is quite evident that a CV does not represent a person’s skills and ability accurately because one’s confidence cannot be rendered in the paper. Nowadays, there is a trend of making fake CVs due to which sometimes it is very hard to find the best employer due to the above-stated confusion.

The employer should be very careful while sorting out a CV and other documents and sometimes he/she should be flexible in terms of recruitment. Not always academic performance matters and sometimes, one should have a look at work experience, language fluency, extra-curricular activities, leadership, teamwork, passion, etc. These things cannot be measured on paper.

In my opinion, the employer in order to find the best people in the job, should try to get background information about the employee and must check his medical records and criminal records as well. Likewise, the employer should throw practical problems to the employees and watch their ability and tendency to tackle these problems in order to find out the best suitable employees. The live and practical demonstrations of employee’s talent

should be measured in order to sort out the best of the best employees. So, an employe must check their status with some sort of interviews and demonstrations too. And carrying out these suggestions seriously, the employer can find the best people.

b.If the employers provide job opportunity by assessing one’s CV, how can fresh successfully graduates compete with the experienced competitors? 

Ans.: It is true and very natural that employers look for good CVs and experienced candidates fo jobs. This is because any employer wants an experienced candidate who can do his job and give his best performance in order to yield the best results. Fresh students are neglected in such situations as they lack exposure and experience. Due to this reason fresher go through lots of hurdles to stand themselves in a good position. When it comes to making ourselves self-employable, we can’t be expected to do everything, so we need to be selective in our work experience. It seems extracurricular activities that take place off campus are to be recommended above co-curricular activities. So, it might be better to work as a project assistant for a charity than to spend idle time in leisure period in the class Internships may also prove more useful than volunteering, though it should be noted that internships are generally more difficult to get hold of than volunteer positions. Also, good academic performance helps to be competitive in the job market because academic performances are given more priority in comparison to others.


Study the following advertisement. Write an application for one of the positions. Prepare your CV too that suits for the job. 


MM Construction Pvt. Ltd.

Kathmandu, Nepal

Dear Sir/Mam,

This is in response to the advertisement published by your company in the Kathmandu Post on 20 September, 2021 for the post of sub-engineer. I believe that the qualifications and experiences that you are seeking exactly match my qualifications and experiences.

I passed my SEE from Lord Buddha International Academy, Rupandehi securing a B+ grade in 2070 BS and Diploma in Civil Engineering from Public Technical College, Kathmandu securing an A grade in 2073 BS. I have worked as a junior engineer for the Gandaki Bridge Project at Kusma, Parbat for about one year. But, due to various reasons, this project has been suspended and I am looking for a job since then. I too possess fluent speaking skills in English as well as the Nepali language.

1, therefore, ensure you that if I am provided with this opportunity to serve as a sub-engineer at your company, I will honestly and sincerely carry on my duty. If needed further information about me, I have enclosed my resume and other required documents herewith.

I look forward to hearing a positive response from you shortly.

Sincerely Yours

Sangita Magar


Sangita Magar

Personal Details

Father’s Name :Shiva Krishna Magar

Date of Birth:22nd April 1994


Permanent: Butwal-5, Rupandehi

Temporary: Kirtipur, Kathmandu


Marital Status:Unmarried



Language Skill:Nepali and English




Senior Civil Engineer – Global Impex International Pvt. Ltd.
(January 2018 – present)

Overseeing a diverse team of professionals in various disciplines.

Coordinating project planning and scheduling.

Implementing Monthly Quality Audits.

Conducting on-site inspections for welding, pipe cleanliness, and compression fitting installations.

Collaborating with engineers, designers, local authorities, contractors, and suppliers.

Civil Engineer – ArEiCon Engineers Pvt. Ltd.
(April 2013 – January 2018)

Participated in a project involving the construction, maintenance, and repair of motorways.

Designed and supervised motorway maintenance works.

Responsible for the design and development of bridge maintenance schemes.

Maintained records and logs of non-conformance/non-compliance.

Ensured quality control of engineering and construction documents.


Civil Engineering

Understanding and meeting client quality compliance requirements.

Experience in both public and private sector projects.

Strong communication skills for effective collaboration with clients, architects, and contractors.

Conducting detailed feasibility studies for optimal resource utilization.

Proficient in using the latest computer software for modeling and design.

Project Management

Organizing and leading meetings with clients.

Collaborating with key stakeholders such as clients, regulatory agencies, local authorities, and utility companies.

Designing, project managing, and client liaison.

Directing external consultants in construction activities.

Assisting in tender pricing and valuations.


Structural Design


Quality Assurance



Project Management

Strategic Planning

Feasibility Studies


Highway Design

Producing ACAD Plans

Site Supervision






Microstation 2D & 3D



BSc in Civil Engineering, 2009

B.Sc. Physics (Hons.), 2011

Jan 2012: Introduction to AutoCAD 2012

Sept 2012: CIWEM Sewerage and Waste Water Treatment Seminar

Sept 2012: CDM Regulations 2007 and Compliance

REFERENCES – Available on request.

Driving License: Yes

DOB: 1985

Languages: English, Nepali, Hindi


B. Rewrite the following sentences using the correct form of the verbs.

a. If you sell your stocks now, you won’t get much money for them. (not/get)

b. A lot of people would lose job if the factory closed down.(close down)

c. Our country won’t have to export wheat if it rains in November and February. (rain)

d. If we had found him earlier, we could have saved his life. (find)

e. If he had not been wearing helmet, he would have been seriously injured. (be)

f. Unless you follow the instructions, you won’t pass the exams. (not/ pass)

g. I don’t mind walking home as long as the weather is fine. (be)

h. The bank will sanction you the loan provided you deposit a collateral. (deposit)

i. What would you have done if you had not got this job? (you/do)

j. If you had the choice, where would you have lived? (you/live)

C. Change the following sentences into ‘if sentences’ as in the example.

a. The driver was talking on the phone so the accident happened.

If the driver wasn’t talking on the phone, the accident wouldn’t have happened.

b. There is no anyone at home because all the lights are off.

If there was someone at home, all the lights wouldn’t be off.

c. He must be an educated person because he has subscribed ‘The Kathmandu Post’

If he wasn’t an educated person, he wouldn’t subscribe ‘The Kathmandu Post’.

d. His head was not injured in the accident because he had put the helmet on.

His head would have been injured in the accident if he hadn’t put the helmet on.

e. I am sure he passed the exam because he gave a heavy treat to his friends.

If he hadn’t passed the exam he wouldn’t have given a heavy treat to his friends.

f. You didn’t take any breakfast so you are hungry now.

If you had taken some breakfast, you wouldn’t have got hungry now.

g. I am sure he is a doctor because he is wearing the white gown.

If he wasn’t a doctor, he wouldn’t be wearing the white gown.

h. She is very rich so she drives a Mercedes.

If she wasn’t very rich, she wouldn’t drive a Mercedes.

i. I didn’t know it was only half a kilometer from my house, so I booked a ride.

If I had known it was only half a kilometer from my house, I wouldn’t have booked a ride.

j. He has hidden something in his mind, so he does not look fresh.

If he hadn’t hidden anything in his mind, he would have looked fresh.